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What Causes Split Ends

Have you ever thought about what causes split ends? You may be surprised to know it’s easy for the ends of your hair to split. The splits often seem to appear from nowhere. Typical causes are misuse or use of heat styling tools, excessive heat to missing hair trimming appointments.

In addition, chemical or mechanical stress can cause split ends. For example, the use of flat irons, hooded dryers and blow dryers may cause split ends. Excessive use of perms and hair coloring dyes can strip your protective layer. The end result, your hair’s shaft becomes weakened making your hair prone to split ends and fried strands.

Mechanical stresses might include pulling a narrow comb with brute force through your tangled hair. It would be bad enough to do this once, but you repeatedly yank on your hair in this fashion. Split ends can be seen as a symptom of copper transport disorders such as Menkes disease and occipital horn syndrome.

Before moving on, I wanted to let you know splits ends have a scientific name “Trichoptilosis syn. Fragilitis Crinium.” Your hair shafts become dry and exhibit splits, which can flay and become reminiscent of feathers. The condition can be exhibited in:

  • Trichorrhexis Nodosa
  • Monilethrix
  • Trichothiodystrophy
  • Bubble Hair syndrome

This damage can occur to all types of hair. The easiest way to rid your hair of split ends is trim them. However, it is also important to find out what causes split ends to begin with. It will help you not to repeat the same mistake twice.

Below is a mini guide on how you can temporarily repair your split ends, types of split ends and what you should be doing about getting rid of your trichoptilosis.

What Causes Split Ends


1. What Causes Split Ends: Using A Rubber Band

If you have used a rubber band creating a ponytail, you know hair strands are left entangled on the rubber ban. Be sure to use the correct ties for making your ponytails. If you don’t, you’ll experience unnecessary hair damage and hair breakage. Unprotected rubber bands snag your hair when you remove them. Use fabric covered or padded elastics to prevent damages and breakage.

2. What Causes Split Ends: Chemical Treatments

So, you achieved the perfect straight or curly hairdo and got your favorite hair color too. Congratulations, but you are not out of woods yet. These treatments can have chemicals, which strip and deplete your hair of its own natural moisture.

This leaves your hair and scalp dry and more susceptible to splitting. It can also cause your hair to become weaker. Use a shampoo, conditioner that will restore the moisture loss in your hair while adding more strength.

3. What Causes Split Ends: Heat Styling

Many of us cannot do without our flat irons and blow dryers. However, they are one of the main culprits for breakage and damage. It is possible to prevent the likelihood of split ends with the correct hair care routine along with a good quality heat protectant.

4. What Causes Split Ends: Over Washing Your Hair

It’s important to keep your scalp and hair clean. However, over washing will strip your hair of its natural oils. This eventually causes your hair to become dry, brittle and rough.

The general rule when it come to washing your hair is to always use a shampoo followed by a good conditioner. This process will make your hair a lot less prone to split ends and breakage.

5. What Causes Split Ends: Excessive Brushing

Another reason for split ends – brushing your hair way too much. If your hair needs a bit of help with detangling, think about using a nourishing leave-in conditioner. A leave-in will assist in keeping your hair tangle free.

6. What Causes Split Ends: Towel-Drying

Even drying your hair with a cotton towel can damage to your hair. After washing your hair, use a microfiber hair towel to gently dry your hair. The cotton towels are known for snagging hair, which will result in frayed ends.

Types Of Split Ends

Types Of Split Ends

As you can see from the infographic, there are a number of reasons why you can experience split ends. For this reason, it becomes important that you understand what you need to look out for to keep your hair healthy.

  • The Classic Split Ends: This is the most common type where your hair strands split into two at the end of the strand.
  • Incomplete Split Ends: This occurs when a hair strand has become weak at a specific point, before it completely splits. This type of damage appears like an “eye of a needle.”
  • Feathered And Tree Split Ends: The hair strand has split a number of times where the ends of the hair resemble a feather or a tree branch.
  • Single Strand Knots: Common in naturally curly hair where a single strand curls and results in a small knot that tangles easily. These knots are easy to identify by running your fingers down the hair strands until you reach a solid bump on the strand.

Prevention Of What Causes Split Ends

Following a hair care routine can really go a long way in helping to prevent split ends. Here are a few tips to help you get started:

  • Hair Masks: Use a hair mask once a week, which will infuse your hair with hydration and much needed moisture.
  • Go For Regular Trims: In some cases, when your hair is severely damaged, it’s best to cut the split ends off. When your hair is free from split ends, make sure you go for a trim at least every 2 months to keep your hair healthy and strong.
  • Hair Oil: One of the popular hair treatment options is hair oil. It can help prevent split ends. It infuses your hair with moisture, offering shine and relief to dry or split ends. The best option is Obsessed Hair Oil.

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